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中共中央 国务院关于保持土地承包关系稳定并长久不变的意见

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中共中央 国务院关于保持土地承包关系稳定并长久不变的意见

2019-11-28 09:41  繁体中文 字号:

中共中央 国务院关于保持土地承包关系稳定并长久不变的意见

  DAODU:

  DANGDESHIJIUDATICHU,BAOCHITUDICHENGBAOGUANXIWENDINGBINGZHANGJIUBUBIAN,DIERLUNTUDICHENGBAODAOQIHOUZAIYANZHANGSANSHINIAN。WEICHONGFENBAOZHANGNONGMINTUDICHENGBAOQUANYI,JINYIBUWANSHANNONGCUNTUDICHENGBAOJINGYINGZHIDU,TUIJINSHISHIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVE,XIANJIUBAOCHINONGCUNTUDI(ZHICHENGBAOGENGDI)CHENGBAOGUANXIWENDINGBINGZHANGJIUBUBIAN(YIXIAJIANCHENG“ZHANGJIUBUBIAN”)TICHURUXIAYIJIAN。

  YI、ZHONGYAOYIYI

  ZISHIXINGJIATINGCHENGBAOJINGYINGYILAI,DANGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANYIZHIJIANCHIWENDINGNONGCUNTUDICHENGBAOGUANXIDEFANGZHENZHENGCE,XIANHOULIANGCIYANZHANGCHENGBAOQIXIAN,BUDUANJIANQUANXIANGGUANZHIDUTIXI,YIFAWEIHUNONGMINCHENGBAOTUDIDEGEXIANGQUANLI。ZAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIJINRUXINSHIDAIDEGUANJIANSHIQI,DANGZHONGYANGTICHUBAOCHITUDICHENGBAOGUANXIWENDINGBINGZHANGJIUBUBIAN,SHIDUIDANGDENONGCUNTUDIZHENGCEDEJICHENGHEFAZHAN,YIYIZHONGDA、YINGXIANGSHENYUAN。

  (一)实行“长久不变”有利于巩固和完善农村基本经营制度。在农村实行以家庭承包经营为基础、统分结合的双层经营体制,是改革开放的重大成果,是农村基本经营制度。这一制度符合我国国情和农业生产特点,具有广泛适应性和强大生命力。承包关系稳定,有利于增强农民发展生产的信心、保障农村长治久安。实行“长久不变”,顺应了农民愿望,将为巩固农村基本经营制度奠定更为坚实基础,展现持久制度活力。

  (ER)SHIXING“ZHANGJIUBUBIAN”YOULIYUCUJINZHONGGUOTESEXIANDAINONGYEFAZHAN。TUDICHENGBAOGUANXISHINONGCUNSHENGCHANGUANXIDEJIZHONGTIXIAN,XUYAOSHIYINGSHENGCHANLIFAZHANDEYAOQIUBUDUANGONGGUWANSHAN。GAIGEKAIFANGCHUQISHIXINGJIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAOZHI,CHENGGONGJIEJUELEYIWANNONGMINDEWENBAOWENTI。SUIZHEGONGYEHUA、CHENGZHENHUAFAZHANHENONGCUNLAODONGLIDALIANGZHUANYI,NONGYEWUZHIZHUANGBEISHUIPINGDAFUTISHENG,NONGYEJINGYINGGUIMOKUODACHENGWEIKENENG。SHIXING“ZHANGJIUBUBIAN”,CUJINXINGCHENGNONGCUNTUDI“SANQUAN”FENZHIGEJU,WENDINGCHENGBAOQUAN,WEIHUGUANGDANONGHUDECHENGBAOQUANYI,FANGHUOJINGYINGQUAN,FAHUIXINXINGNONGYEJINGYINGZHUTIYINLINGZUOYONG,YOULIYUSHIXIANXIAONONGHUHEXIANDAINONGYEFAZHANYOUJIXIANJIE,YOULIYUFAZHANDUOZHONGXINGSHISHIDUGUIMOJINGYING,TUIJINZHONGGUOTESENONGYEXIANDAIHUA。

  (SAN)SHIXING“ZHANGJIUBUBIAN”YOULIYUTUIDONGSHISHIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVE。DANGQIAN,WOGUOFAZHANBUPINGHENGBUCHONGFENWENTIZAIXIANGCUNZUIWEITUCHU。SHISHIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVESHIJUESHENGQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUI、QUANMIANJIANSHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAGUOJIADEZHONGDALISHIRENWU。GAIGESHIXIANGCUNQUANMIANZHENXINGDEFABAO。TUIDONGXIANGCUNQUANMIANZHENXING,BIXUYIWANSHANCHANQUANZHIDUHEYAOSUSHICHANGHUAPEIZHIWEIZHONGDIAN,QIANGHUAZHIDUXINGGONGJI。SHIXING“ZHANGJIUBUBIAN”,WANSHANCHENGBAOJINGYINGZHIDU,YOULIYUQIANGHUANONGHUTUDICHENGBAOQUANYIBAOHU,YOULIYUTUIJINNONGCUNTUDIZIYUANYOUHUAPEIZHI,YOULIYUJIHUOZHUTI、JIHUOYAOSU、JIHUOSHICHANG,WEISHIXIANXIANGCUNZHENXINGTIGONGGENGJIAYOULIDEZHIDUBAOZHANG。

  (SI)SHIXING“ZHANGJIUBUBIAN”YOULIYUBAOCHINONGCUNSHEHUIHEXIEWENDING。TUDIWENTIGUANCHUANNONGCUNGAIGEQUANGUOCHENG,SHEJIYIWANNONGMINQIESHENLIYI,PINGHENGHAOGEFANGTUDIQUANYI,SHIDANGDEZHIZHENGNENGLIHEGUOJIAZHILISHUIPINGDEZHONGYAOTIXIAN。SHIXING“ZHANGJIUBUBIAN”,JINYIBUMINGXIJITIYUNONGHU、NONGHUYUNONGHU、NONGHUYUXINXINGNONGYEJINGYINGZHUTIZHIJIANZAICHENGBAOTUDISHANGDEQUANLIYIWUGUANXI,YOULIYUFAHUISHEHUIZHUYIJITIJINGJIDEYOUYUEXING,TONGGUOQIDIANGONGPING、JIHUIGONGPING,HELIDIAOJIELIYIGUANXI,XIAOCHUTUDIJIUFENYINHUAN,CUJINSHEHUIGONGPINGZHENGYI,JINYIBUGONGGUDANGZAINONGCUNDEZHIZHENGJICHU。

  ER、ZONGTIYAOQIU

  (YI)ZHIDAOSIXIANG。YIXIJINPINGXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGWEIZHIDAO,QUANMIANGUANCHEDANGDESHIJIUDAHESHIJIUJIEERZHONG、SANZHONGQUANHUIJINGSHEN,RENZHENLUOSHIDANGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANJUECEBUSHU,JINJINWEIRAOTONGCHOUTUIJIN“WUWEIYITI”ZONGTIBUJUHEXIEDIAOTUIJIN“SIGEQUANMIAN”ZHANLVEBUJU,LAOGUSHULIHEGUANCHELUOSHIXINFAZHANLINIAN,JINKOUCHULIHAONONGMINHETUDIGUANXIZHEIYIZHUXIAN,JIANCHINONGHUJIATINGCHENGBAOJINGYING,JIANCHICHENGBAOGUANXIZHANGJIUWENDING,FUYUNONGMINGENGJIACHONGFENERYOUBAOZHANGDETUDIQUANLI,GONGGUHEWANSHANNONGCUNJIBENJINGYINGZHIDU,WEITIGAONONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUASHUIPING、TUIDONGXIANGCUNQUANMIANZHENXING、BAOCHISHEHUIHEXIEWENDINGDIANDINGZHIDUJICHU。

  (ER)JIBENYUANZE

  ——稳定基本经营制度。坚持农村土地农民集体所有,确保集体经济组织成员平等享有土地权益,不断探索具体实现形式,不搞土地私有化;坚持家庭承包经营基础性地位,不论经营权如何流转,不论新型农业经营主体如何发展,都不能动摇农民家庭土地承包地位、侵害农民承包权益。

  ——ZUNZHONGNONGMINZHUTIDIWEI。ZUNZHONGNONGMINYIYUAN,BAXUANZEQUANJIAOJINONGMIN,YIKAONONGMINJIEJUEHAOZIJIZUIGUANXINZUIXIANSHIDELIYIWENTI;ZUNZHONGNONGMINSHOUCHUANGJINGSHEN,CHONGFENFAHUIQIZHUDONGXINGHECHUANGZAOXING,NINGJUGUANGDANONGMINZHIHUIHELILIANG,POJIEGAIGECHUANGXINZHONGDENANTI;JIAQIANGSHIFANYINDAO,YUNXUNONGMINJITIZAIFALVZHENGCEFANWEINEITONGGUOMINZHUXIESHANGZIZHUDIAOJIELIYIGUANXI。

  ——TUIJINNONGYENONGCUNXIANDAIHUA。SHUNYINGXINXINGSHIWANSHANSHENGCHANGUANXI,LIZUJIANSHEXIANDAINONGYE、SHIXIANXIANGCUNZHENXING,YINDAOTUDIJINGYINGQUANYOUXULIUZHUAN,TIGAOTUDIZIYUANLIYONGXIAOLV,XINGCHENGDUOZHONGXINGSHINONGYESHIDUGUIMOJINGYING,JIJIEJUEHAONONGYEWENTIYEJIEJUEHAONONGMINWENTI,JIZHONGSHIXINXINGNONGYEJINGYINGZHUTIYEBUHUSHIPUTONGNONGHU,ZOUCHUYITIAOZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIXIANGCUNZHENXINGDAOLU。

  ——WEIHUNONGCUNSHEHUIWENDING。YINONGCUNSHEHUIWENDINGWEIQIANTI,WENSHENYOUXUSHISHI,ZUNZHONGLISHI、ZHAOGUXIANSHI、QIANHOUXIANJIE、PINGWENGUODU,BUGAOQIANGPOMINGLING;CONGGEDISHIJICHUFA,TONGCHOUKAOLV、ZONGHEPINGHENG、YINDIZHIYI、FENLEISHICE,BUGAOYIDAOQIE;BAOCHILISHINAIXIN,XUNXUJIANJIN、BUBUWEIYING,JIJIEJUEHAODANGQIANMAODUNYOUWEIWEILAILIUYOUKONGJIAN。

  SAN、ZHUNQUEBAWO“ZHANGJIUBUBIAN”ZHENGCENEIHAN

  (一)保持土地集体所有、家庭承包经营的基本制度长久不变。农村土地集体所有、家庭承包经营的基本制度有利于调动集体和农民积极性,对保障国家粮食安全和农产品有效供给具有重要作用,必须毫不动摇地长久坚持,确保农民集体有效行使集体土地所有权、集体成员平等享有土地承包权。要从我国经济社会发展阶段和各地发展不平衡的实际出发,积极探索和不断丰富集体所有、家庭承包经营的具体实现形式,不断推进农村基本经营制度完善和发展。

  (二)保持农户依法承包集体土地的基本权利长久不变。家庭经营在农业生产经营中居于基础性地位,要长久保障和实现农户依法承包集体土地的基本权利。农村集体经济组织成员有权依法承包集体土地,任何组织和个人都不能剥夺和非法限制。同时,要根据时代发展需要,不断强化对土地承包权的物权保护,依法保障农民对承包地占有、使用、收益、流转及承包土地的经营权抵押、担保权利,不断赋予其更加完善的权能。

  (SAN)BAOCHINONGHUCHENGBAODIWENDING。NONGMINJIATINGSHITUDICHENGBAOJINGYINGDEFADINGZHUTI,NONGCUNJITITUDIYOUJITIJINGJIZUZHINEINONGMINJIATINGCHENGBAO,JIATINGCHENGYUANYIFAPINGDENGXIANGYOUCHENGBAOTUDIDEGEXIANGQUANYI。NONGHUCHENGBAODIYAOBAOCHIWENDING,FABAOFANGJIQITAJINGJIZUZHIHEGERENBUDEWEIFADIAOZHENG。GULICHENGBAONONGHUZENGJIATOURU,BAOHUHETISHENGDILI。GEDIKEZAINONGMINZIYUANQIANTIXIAJIEHENONGTIANJIBENJIANSHE,ZUZHIKAIZHANHUHUANBINGDI,FAZHANLIANPIANZHONGZHI。ZHICHIXINXINGNONGYEJINGYINGZHUTITONGGUOLIUZHUANNONGHUCHENGBAODIJINXINGNONGTIANZHENGLI,TISHENGNONGYEZONGHESHENGCHANNENGLI。

  SI、WENTUOTUIJIN“ZHANGJIUBUBIAN”SHISHI

  (一)稳定土地承包关系。第二轮土地承包到期后应坚持延包原则,不得将承包地打乱重分,确保绝大多数农户原有承包地继续保持稳定。对少数存在承包地因自然灾害毁损等特殊情形且群众普遍要求调地的村组,届时可按照大稳定、小调整的原则,由农民集体民主协商,经本集体经济组织成员的村民会议三分之二以上成员或者三分之二以上村民代表同意,并报乡(镇)政府和县级政府农业等行政主管部门批准,可在个别农户间作适当调整,但要依法依规从严掌握。

  (ER)DIERLUNTUDICHENGBAODAOQIHOUZAIYANZHANGSANSHINIAN。TUDICHENGBAOQIZAIYANZHANGSANSHINIAN,SHINONGCUNTUDICHENGBAOGUANXICONGDIYILUNCHENGBAOKAISHIBAOCHIWENDINGZHANGDAQISHIWUNIAN,SHISHIXING“ZHANGJIUBUBIAN”DEZHONGDAJUCUO。XIANYOUCHENGBAODIZAIDIERLUNTUDICHENGBAODAOQIHOUYOUNONGHUJIXUCHENGBAO,CHENGBAOQIZAIYANZHANGSANSHINIAN,YIGEDIDIERLUNTUDICHENGBAODAOQIWEIQIDIANJISUAN。YICHENGBAODIQUEQUANDENGJIBANZHENGWEIJICHU,YIBANFADETUDICHENGBAOQUANLIZHENGSHU,ZAIXINDECHENGBAOQIJIXUYOUXIAOQIEBUBIANBUHUAN,ZHENGSHUJIZAIDECHENGBAOQIXIANJIESHIZUOTONGYIBIANGENG。DUIGEBIEDIAODIDE,ZAIHETONG、DENGJIBUHEZHENGSHUSHANGZUOXIANGYINGBIANGENGCHULI。

  (SAN)JIXUTICHANG“ZENGRENBUZENGDI、JIANRENBUJIANDI”。WEIBIMIANCHENGBAODIDEPINFANBIANDONG,FANGZHIGENGDIJINGYINGGUIMOBUDUANXIFEN,JINRUXINDECHENGBAOQIHOU,YINCHENGBAOFANGJIATINGRENKOUZENGJIA、QUEDISHAODIDAOZHISHENGHUOKUNNANDE,YAOBANGZHUQITIGAOJIUYEJINENG,TIGONGJIUYEFUWU,ZUOHAOSHEHUIBAOZHANGGONGZUO。YINJIATINGCHENGYUANQUANBUSIWANGERDAOZHICHENGBAOFANGXIAOWANGDE,FABAOFANGYINGDANGYIFASHOUHUICHENGBAODI,LINGXINGFABAO。TONGGUOJIATINGCHENGBAOQUDETUDICHENGBAOQUANDE,CHENGBAOFANGYINGDEDECHENGBAOSHOUYI,YIZHAOJICHENGFADEGUIDINGJICHENG。

  (SI)JIANLIJIANQUANTUDICHENGBAOQUANYIFAZIYUANYOUCHANGZHUANRANGJIZHI。WEIHUJINCHENGNONGHUTUDICHENGBAOQUANYI,XIANJIEDUANBUDEYITUICHUTUDICHENGBAOQUANZUOWEINONGHUJINCHENGLUOHUDETIAOJIAN。DUICHENGBAONONGHUJINCHENGLUOHUDE,YINDAOZHICHIQIANZHAOZIYUANYOUCHANGYUANZEYIFAZAIBENJITIJINGJIZUZHINEIZHUANRANGTUDICHENGBAOQUANHUOJIANGCHENGBAODITUIHAIJITIJINGJIZUZHI,YEKEGULIQIDUOZHONGXINGSHILIUZHUANCHENGBAODIJINGYINGQUAN。DUIZHANGQIQIGENGPAOHUANGCHENGBAODIDE,FABAOFANGKEYIYIFACAIQUCUOSHIFANGZHIHEJIUZHENGQIGENGPAOHUANGXINGWEI。

  WU、QIESHIZUOHAO“ZHANGJIUBUBIAN”JICHUGONGZUO

  (YI)ZUOHAOCHENGBAODIQUEQUANDENGJIBANZHENGGONGZUO。CHENGBAODIQUEQUANDENGJIBANZHENGSHIWENDINGNONGCUNTUDICHENGBAOGUANXIDEZHONGDAJUCUO,YESHILUOSHI“ZHANGJIUBUBIAN”DEZHONGYAOQIANTIHEJIBENYIJU。ZAI2018NIANNIANDIQIANJIBENWANCHENGQUEQUANDENGJIBANZHENGGONGZUODEJICHUSHANG,JIXUZUOHAOSHOUWEIGONGZUO、HUAJIEYILIUWENTI,JIANQUANCHENGBAOHETONGQUDEQUANLI、DENGJIJIZAIQUANLI、ZHENGSHUZHENGMINGQUANLIDEQUEQUANDENGJIZHIDU,BINGZUOHAOYUBUDONGCHANTONGYIDENGJIGONGZUODEXIANJIE,FUYUNONGMINGENGYOUBAOZHANGDETUDICHENGBAOQUANYI,WEISHIXING“ZHANGJIUBUBIAN”DIANDINGJIANSHIJICHU。

  (ER)WANSHANLUOSHINONGCUNTUDISUOYOUQUAN、CHENGBAOQUAN、JINGYINGQUAN“SANQUAN”FENZHIZHENGCETIXI。BUDUANTANSUONONGCUNTUDIJITISUOYOUZHIDEYOUXIAOSHIXIANXINGSHI,CHONGFENFAHUISUOYOUQUAN、CHENGBAOQUAN、JINGYINGQUANDEGEZIGONGNENGHEZHENGTIXIAOYONG,XINGCHENGCENGCIFENMING、JIEGOUHELI、PINGDENGBAOHUDEGEJU。SHENRUYANJIUNONGMINJITIHECHENGBAONONGHUZAICHENGBAODISHANG、CHENGBAONONGHUHEJINGYINGZHUTIZAITUDILIUZHUANZHONGDEQUANLIBIANJIEJIXIANGHUQUANLIGUANXIDENGWENTI,CHONGFENWEIHUNONGHUCHENGBAODIDEGEXIANGQUANNENG。WANSHANTUDIJINGYINGQUANLIUZHUANSHICHANG,JIANQUANTUDILIUZHUANGUIFANGUANLIZHIDU,TANSUOGENGDUOFANGHUOTUDIJINGYINGQUANDEYOUXIAOTUJING。

  (SAN)JIANQUANNONGCUNTUDICHENGBAOXIANGGUANFALVZHENGCE。ANZHAODANGZHONGYANGQUEDINGDEZHENGCE,ZHUAJINXIUGAIXIANGGUANFALV,JIANLIJIANQUANSHIXING“ZHANGJIUBUBIAN”、WEIHUNONGHUTUDICHENGBAOQUANYIDENGFANGMIANDEZHIDUTIXI。ZAIDIERLUNTUDICHENGBAODAOQIQIAN,ZHONGYANGNONGBAN、NONGYENONGCUNBUDENGBUMENYINGYANJIUCHUTAIPEITAOZHENGCE,ZHIDAOGEDIMINGQUEDIERLUNTUDICHENGBAODAOQIHOUYANBAODEJUTIBANFA,QUEBAOZHENGCEXIANJIE、PINGWENGUODU。

  (SI)GAODUZHONGSHIZHENGCEXUANCHUANYINDAOGONGZUO。GEDIQUGEYOUGUANBUMENYAOJIADAXUANCHUANLIDU,GEXINWENMEITIYAOJIJIFAHUIZUOYONG,ZUOHAO“ZHANGJIUBUBIAN”ZHENGCEJIEDUHEYEWUPEIXUN,JISHI、CHONGFEN、YOUZHENDUIXINGDIFABUXINXI,SHIGUANGDANONGMINHEJICENGGANBUQUNZHONGQUANMIANZHUNQUELEJIEDANGHEGUOJIADENONGCUNTUDICHENGBAOZHENGCE。MIQIEGUANZHUZHENGCELUOSHIZHONGCHUXIANDEXINQINGKUANGXINWENTI,JIJIYINGDUI、TUOSHANCHULI,ZHONGDAWENTIYAOJISHIBAOGAO。

  GESHENG(ZIZHIQU、ZHIXIASHI)DANGWEIHEZHENGFUYAOCHONGFENRENSHISHIXING“ZHANGJIUBUBIAN”DEZHONGYAOXING、XITONGXING、ZHANGQIXING,ANZHAODANGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANYAOQIU,QIESHIJIAQIANGLINGDAO,LUOSHIGONGZUOZEREN,YANJIUJIEJUESHIXING“ZHANGJIUBUBIAN”DEZHONGDIANNANDIANWENTI,BAOZHANG“ZHANGJIUBUBIAN”HEDIERLUNTUDICHENGBAODAOQIHOUZAIYANZHANGSANSHINIANZHENGCEZAIBENDISHUNLISHISHI。SHIXINGXIANJIDANGWEIHEZHENGFUFUZEZHI,XIANJIYAOZHENDUIJUTIWENTIZHIDINGGONGZUOFANGAN,JIEHEBENDISHIJIZHOUMIZUZHISHISHI,QUEBAO“ZHANGJIUBUBIAN”ZHENGCELUOSHI、CHENGBAOYANQIPINGWENGUODU,BAOCHINONGCUNSHEHUIHEXIEWENDING。GEYOUGUANBUMENYAOANZHAOZHIZEFENGONG,ZHUDONGZHICHIPEIHE,XINGCHENGGONGZUOHELI,JIANQUANQIZHUAGONGGUANDEGONGZUOJIZHI,WEIHUHAO、SHIXIANHAONONGMINCHENGBAOTUDIDEGEXIANGQUANLI,BAOZHENGNONGCUNZHANGZHIJIUAN。

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